Laboratories

Laboratory for Synthesis and Characterization of Nanomaterials 

This laboratory is dedicated to the synthesis of nanomaterials via chemical routes, using techniques such as sol-gel, coprecipitation, hydrothermal and solvothermal, for various applications. Recently, the synthesis of hybrid nanomaterials for environmental decontamination via photoinduced processes has been studied, as well as nanomaterials with potential application in the treatment of water bodies and industrial effluents. It also enables the synthesis of core-shell structures based on NaYF4 type converters and nanostructures based on TiO2 for photocatalytic processes, as well as preliminary characterizations of these materials.

Responsible staff: Prof. Eduardo Brocchi (ebrocchi@puc-rio.br), Prof. Bojan Marinkovic (bojan@puc-rio.br)
Location: Offices 602-1 L – 602-2 L
Partnerships: State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya (Spain)

  • -Parr reactor model 4845, capacity 450ml, manufactured in C-22 Hastelloy. T and P controller, teflon glass or borosilicate glass. (year of acquisition/manufacture 1995)
  • – Drying oven, 42L capacity, model FL 100/42, Solab (year of purchase/manufacture. 2017)
  • – Ultrasonic bath, capacity 3L, Ultronique (year of acquisition/manufacture 2017)
  • – PH meter / MODEL MPA-210 – TECNOPON (year of acquisition / manufacture 2017)
  • – Prolab muffle furnace, internal volume 6.7L and maximum T of 1200°C, model SSFM67L (year of acquisition/manufacture 2019)
  • – Novatécnica bench centrifuge, model NT 820, up to 6000 rpm
  • – Precision scale with a capacity of 3200 g – Shimadzu
  • – Novatécnica hot plate with stirring, model FL 103
  • – Ika Mag HS 4 hot plate, maximum T 500°C
  • – Zeiss Axioplan Microscope
  • – Zeiss Stereoscope model Stemi 2000C
  • – Hitashi TM-1000 scanning electron microscope
  • – Hitashi TM-3000 scanning electron microscope
  • – Ball mill with sample holder and zirconia balls (samples up to 10g or up to 45mL), model Mixer mill 8000, SPEX

Laboratory for thermal analyses and non-ambient X-ray diffraction

The main focus of this laboratory is the characterization in non-ambient conditions of ceramics with zero or negative thermal expansion and nanomaterials of interest in the oil and gas sector.

Responsible staff: Prof. Bojan Marinkovic (bojan@puc-rio.br)
Location: Building Cardeal leme, Underground Physics
Partnerships: Petrobras, US Army Research Laboratory (USA), Dalhousie University (Canada), Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA (Serbia), Escuela Politécnica Nacional (Ecuador), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Federal University of Juíz de Fora (UFJF), Volta Redonda University Center (UniFOA)

  • TG/DSC model: STA 6000, Perkin Elmer, atmospheres (N2, O2, synthetic air) up to 1000 ° C.
  • – Dilatometer DIL 402C,  Netsch, up to 1550 ° C 
  • – X-ray diffractometer D8 Advance, Bruker, equipped with Cu or Ag X-ray tube; with different configurations such as two thermal chambers with three temperature stages:
    •     a) Wide-range MRI chamber:
      •        • Temperature range -180 ° C to 450 ° C
      •        • Temperature range 25 ° C to 1600 ° C
      •        • Inert atmosphere
    •     b) Anton Paar XRK reaction chamber:
      •        • Temperature range 25 ° C to 900 ° C
      •        • Controlled atmospheres (water vapor; synthetic air; N2)
  • – Automatic sample changer for 9 samples
  • – Capillary stage 

Laboratory for Synthesis and Characterization of Ceramic Materials and Photocatalysis 

The Laboratory develops syntheses of ceramic materials, via soft chemical routes (hydrothermal, co-precipitation, sol-gel) and by conventional routes, and performs the physical-chemical characterization, in addition to focusing on the photodegradation performance evaluation of photocatalytic nanomaterials, mainly, for gas-solid reactions.

Responsible staff: Prof. Bojan Marinkovic (bojan@puc-rio.br)
Location: Building Cardeal Leme, Underground Physics
Partnerships: US Army Research Laboratory (USA), Petrobras, Equinor, Dalhousie University (Canada), Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA (Serbia), ECCI University (Colombia), Universitat Politecnica da Catalunya (Spain), Escuela Politécnica Nacional (Ecuador), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Federal University of Juíz de Fora (UFJF), Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Volta Redonda University Center (UniFOA)

  • – Gas Chromatograph (7890 A) with Coupled Mass Spectrometer (5975C), Model: G3172A, Serial: US83130382,  Agilent Technologies
  • – Homemade gas-solid photocatalytic degradation system, coupled to the Agilent gas chromatograph with mass detector, model 7890A-5975C
  • – Homemade liquid-solid photocatalytic degradation system
  • – UV-Vis spectrophotometer, model 8453, Agilent Technologies
  • – UV-Vis spectrometer, Model: Lambda 650, Perkin Elmer
  • – Benchtop centrifuge, up to 4000 rpm, NT 810,  Novatécnica
  • – Autoclave with 500 mL capacity, High-pressure laboratory reactor BR-300, Berghof
  • – Precision balance, Model: AY220, Series: D452203206, Shimadzu
  • – Ultrasonic bath with heating, model: NI 1205, Nova instruments
  • – Water distiller, Capacity 10L / h,  NT 426, Novatécnica
  • – Autoclave with rotating oven system, with 6 autoclaves, Fortelab
  • – Tubular oven, maximum temperature 1200oC, equipped with a vacuum pump and with accessories for non-environmental atmospheres, Fortelab
  • – Portable digital durometer,  Shore D, brand: Digimess
  • – Hot plate with stirring, model: 753A,  Fisatom
  • – Drying oven, model: 440-D, New ethics

X-ray Diffraction Scattering Laboratory, Lab XRD

The laboratory conducts research and services to characterize the crystalline structures of materials and related properties using diffraction and x-ray reflection techniques. The laboratory has accessories that allow the study of thin films, polycrystalline materials, and powdered materials. The X-ray scattering equipment makes it possible to study the distribution of nanoparticles in a solid or liquid matrix.

Responsible staff: Prof. Roberto R. de Avillez (avillez@puc-rio.br), Prof. Bojan Marinkovic (bojan@puc-rio.br), Dra. Sonia Letichevsky (letichevsky@puc-rio.br), Dra. Anja Dosen (adosen@puc-rio.br)
Location: Prédio Cardeal Leme
Partnerships: Brazilian Center for Physical Research, Military Engineering Institute, National Institute of Technology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Imerys do Brasil, Ternium, Teadit, Merck, Mantecorp, Mineração Santa Rosa, Mineração Taboca.

  • – Bruker D8-Discover diffractometer, Bruker, with primary beam monochromator, sample holder with 5 degrees of freedom, LynxEye detector.
  • – D8-Advance diffractometer, Bruker, with two thermal chambers that allow sub-ambient temperatures up to 1500 ° C, and controlled atmosphere, LynxEye detector.
  • – Low Angle Scattering Equipment, Nanostar, Bruker, with Vantec-2000 multidimensional detector.

Modeling, Automation and Control Laboratory (LaMAC)

Modeling, automation, and control laboratory (LaMAC) arose from the need to support undergraduate and graduate degrees in chemical engineering at PUC-Rio. LaMAC has a classroom dedicated to assisting in the implementation of simulation tools, theoretical and experimental control, due to the importance of standardizing processes and products and automating information. The aim is to develop cutting-edge research in mathematical modeling, advanced control, optimization, application of industry 4.0 concepts, and applied artificial intelligence. Tools available for development are commercial simulators, with the implementation of mathematical models in MATLAB software and Fortran and Python languages. Additionally, it works with the application of artificial intelligence techniques, experimental design, and instrumentation for process automation.

The Lamac offers courses in programming in Python and commercial software, as well as the development of artificial intelligence models to control experimental processes (economy and ensure safety in industrial plants) and fault identification for the academic and business community. 

Website: http://lamac.deqm.puc-rio.br

Responsible team: Profa. Amanda Lemette Teixeira Brandão (amanda.lemette@puc-rio.br), Prof. Brunno Ferreira dos Santos (bsantos@puc-rio.br)
Location: Building Cardeal Leme
Partnerships: University of Alberta (UA – Canada), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), State University of Campinas (Unicamp)

  • – Desktop computers for undergraduate, graduate, and interns
  • – Components for prototype assemblies (such as sensors and actuators) aimed at applications in chemical and biotechnological process systems.

X-ray Microtomography Laboratory

The Laboratory develops methods for 3D materials characterization via X-ray computed microtomography. Microtomograph with an optical lens system, reaching a maximum resolution of 0.7 µm operates in the energy range of 30 to 160 kV.

Responsible staff: Prof. Sidnei Paciornik (sidnei@puc-rio.br)
Location: Cardeal Leme building, entrance by the Digital Manufacturing Laboratory
Partnerships: VALE, Petrobras, Halliburton, National Museum, Federal University of Paraná, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)

  • – X-ray microtomograph, model XRadia 510 VERSA from Zeiss
  • – Microtomograph control computer

Digital Microscopy Laboratory

O Laboratório desenvolve métodos de caracterização de materiais por microscopia ótica e análise de imagens. O microscópio ótico motorizado disponível possui platina e lentes motorizadas, modos de luz refletida e transmitida, contraste em campo claro, campo escuro, DIC, polarização linear e circular, câmera digital de alta resolução. Este ambiente permite automatizar procedimentos e realizar análises de materiais por esta técnica.

Equipe responsável: Prof. Sidnei Paciornik (sidnei@puc-rio.br) Localização: Prédio Cardeal leme, sala 501L – 4 Parcerias: VALE, Petrobras, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Centro de Tecnologia Mineral (CETEM)

  • – Microscópio ótico motorizado Zeiss AxioImager M2m
  • – Computador de controle do microscópio e análise de imagens

Digital de Image Processing Laboratory 

This laboratory develops processing and digital analysis methods of 2D and 3D images for materials characterization. It has high-performance computers running Windows and Linux environments and with specialized software for this purpose.

Responsible staff: Prof. Sidnei Paciornik (sidnei@puc-rio.br)
Location:  Cardeal Leme Building, office 501L -6a
Partnerships: VALE, Petrobras, Fluminense Federal University (UFF), Mineral Technology Center (CETEM), National Center for Structural Biology and Bioimaging ( CENABIO-UFRJ)

  • – High-performance computers (i9, double Xeon among others), with specialized software for processing and analyzing 2D 3e 3D images, such as Dragonfly and FiJi. 

 Particle Characterization Laboratory

The Laboratory performs the morphological particle characterization using the automatic acquisition of individual images of each analyzed particle. Morphologi 4 is a fully automated optical microscopy image analysis system that provides a complete and detailed description of the morphological properties of particulate materials. It allows analyses of a wide range of particle sizes, from 0.5 μm to over 1300 μm, providing a greater understanding of the sample and a process, with  a large statistical sample size.

Responsible staff: Prof. Sidnei Paciornik (sidnei@puc-rio.br)
Location: Cardeal Leme Building, sala 501L-6b
Partnerships: Petrobras

  • – Automatic Particle Characterization System Morphology 4, Malvern-Panalytical
  • – High-performance computers for image processing

Electronic Microscopy Laboratory (LME)

LME is a laboratory dedicated to the microstructural and compositional characterization of materials. The laboratory is currently undergoing restructuring through the acquisition of new equipment and infrastructure modernization.

Responsible staff: Prof. Fernando Rizzo (rizzo@puc-rio.br)
Location: Cardeal Leme Building, basement DEQM – Room 2
Partnerships: Petrobras, Teadit, Schlumberger Brasil, Lankhorst Brasil, Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) , UNIRIO, State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), CETex, UFMG

  • – JSM6510-LV Scanning Electron Microscope (JEOL)
  • – JSM6701F Scanning Electron Microscope (JEOL)
  • – Transmission Electron Microscope JEM2010 (JEOL)
  • – EDS Noran 7 (Thermo Scientific)
  • – EDS Noran System six (Thermo Scientific)

Laboratory for Thermal Analysis

Laboratory for thermal analysis has the means for heat treatment and analysis of material loss or mass gain due to thermal transformations. The laboratory posseses two tubular furnaces that reach a maximum temperature of 1500° C (Maitec) and 1300 ° C (Heraeus) and a Setaram thermogravimetric scale (TG).  The laboratory also possesses equipment for the preparation of metallographic samples, image analysis, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy sample preparation, such as gold and carbon deposition and preparation by ultramicrotomy.

Responsible staff: Prof. Fernando Rizzo (rizzo@puc-rio.br), Prof. Roberto Avillez (avillez@puc-rio.br)
Location: Cardeal Leme Building, room 517
Partnerships: Federal University of Uberlândia, São Paulo State Technological Research Institute, Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN), Petrobras, Companhia Brasileira de Metalurgia e Mining (CBMM), Industrial Chemistry Barra do Piraí (Quimbarra), Aços Villares-Sidenor

 

  • – Thermogravimetric scale (Setaram)
  • – Maitec Tubular Oven
  • – Heraeus Tubular Oven
  • – Aropol VV polishing machines
  • – Optical Microscope – Zeiss
  • – Zeiss Stereoscope
  • – Sputter Coater – Balzers
  • – Ultramicrotome – Reichert Jung

High Cycle Fatigue Laboratory  (LABFADAC)

This laboratory has a pioneering infrastructure in Latin America, which allows a considerable time reduction of fatigue testing of materials used for manufacturing of mechanical, structural, and biomedical components. The research involves establishing the characteristics of materials when subjected to a super long life in fatigue (10E7 – 10E12 cycles), with emphasis on determining the cyclic resistance, application of multiaxial loads, study of initiation and crack propagation, correlation between crack nucleation sites and microstructural aspects and influence of the microstructure, manufacturing processes, as well as the additive manufacturing techniques.

Website: http://www.labfadac.deqm.puc-rio.br/

Responsible staff: Prof. Marcos Venicius S. Pereira (marcospe@puc-rio.br)
Location: Cardeal leme Building, room 10 – mezzanine level of the Community Vice-Rectorate
Partnerships: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), TU Dortmund, Instituto Superior Técnico / Universidade de Lisbon, University of Porto, Institute of Science and Innovation in Engineering (INEGI) / Porto, Pécem II Geração de Energia, Itaqui Geração de Energia, Parnaíba I and II Geração de Energia, Petrobrás, Vallourec

  • – Ultrasonic fatigue equipment of very high cycle Shimadzu model USF2000

Fuel Characterization Laboratory

This laboratory is dedicated to the physical-chemical and chemical characterization of fuels (Gasoline, Diesel, Alcohol, and Biodiesel) and other petroleum products in addition to biofuels from the processing of biomass. We are also looking for ways to improve the quality of biofuels, in addition to the development of new methodologies for analysis and applications.

Responsible team: Prof. Maria Isabel Pais da Silva (isapais@puc-rio.br)
Location: Building Cardeal Leme, room 376-B
Partnerships: BR Distribuidora, ANP, Petrobras, Ipiranga, Department of Chemistry at IME, Department of Chemistry at UFRJ, Department of Chemistry of PUC-Rio

 

  • – Diesel Analyzer – Irox Diesel model – Grabner Instruments manufacturer
  • – Gasoline Analyzer – model GS-PPA-I – manufacturer Petrospec
  • – Carbon Residue Analyzer – model ACR-M3 – manufacturer TANAKA
  • – Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) – model DTG-60 – manufacturer Shimadzu
  • – Analytical balance – model HR120 – manufacturer Micronal
  • – External Plate Scale – model AL500 – manufacturer Micronal
  • – Vacuum pumps and air compressors
  • – Centrifuge – model 460R – manufacturer Petrotest
  • – Chiller – model RC011J033B2C009 – manufacturer Lytron
  • – Colorimeter – Orbeco-Hellige manufacturer
  • – Conductivimeter – model DM-32 – manufacturer Digimed
  • – Corrosivity to Copper – Protest model – Protest manufacturer
  • – Chromatograph – model 6850 Network GC System – manufacturer Agilent Technologies
  • – Gas chromatograph – model GC-17A – manufacturer Shimadzu
  • – Gas Chromatograph – model GC-2010-5000 – manufacturer Shimadzu
  • – Gas Chromatograph – model GC-2010-AOC20I + S – manufacturer Shimadzu
  • – Digital densimeter – model MPA-210 – manufacturer Anton Paar
  • – Automatic distiller – model AD86 5G2 – manufacturer ISL
  • – Manual distiller – model DE001 – manufacturer B / R Instruments
  • – X-ray diffractometer (DRX) – MiniFlex model – Rigaku manufacturer
  • – UV-vis spectrophotometer – model Ipro 5000 – manufacturer Thermo Scientific
  • – Infrared Spectrometer – model Nicolet IR200 FT-IR – manufacturer Thermo Scientific
  • – Infrared Spectrometer – model Nicolet iS10 – manufacturer Thermo Scientific
  • – NMR spectrometer – model Mercury-200 – manufacturer Varian
  • – Stove
  • – X-ray Fluorescence – model EDX-700 – manufacturer Shimadzu
  • – Karl Fischer – model KF Coulométrico 831 – manufacturer Metrohm Pensalab
  • – Heating blanket for high temperatures
  • – Volumetric gas flow meters
  • – Mufla – Fornitec manufacturer
  • – Muffle – Quimis manufacturer
  • – Muffle – model A-K24110 – Koehler manufacturer
  • – Nobreaks and Stabilizers
  • – Induction period – Protest model – Protest manufacturer
  • – pH meter – model AJX-512 – manufacturer Ajmicronal
  • – pH meter – model B474 – manufacturer Micronal
  • – Cold filter plugging point – model AFP-102 – manufacturer Tanaka
  • – Flash Point – model APM-7 / FC-7 – manufacturer TANAKA
  • – Flash Point – model ATG-8 – manufacturer Tanaka Scientific Limited
  • – Flash Point – model PMA-4 – manufacturer Petrotest
  • – Vapor Pressure – model HVP 970 – manufacturer Herzog
  • – Rancimat Biodiesel – Metrohm manufacturer
  • – Refrigerator – model R22 – manufacturer Affinity
  • – Compressed air dryer – model MDR-020 – manufacturer Metalplan
  • – Exhaust systems
  • – Gum content – Gum Test model – Herzog manufacturer
  • – Potentiometric Titrator – model AT-500N-2 – manufacturer KEM
  • – Viscometer – model HVU 481 / manufacturer Herzog

Catalysis Laboratory

This laboratory is dedicated to the synthesis, characterization, and evaluation of catalysts for processes related to the oil and gas sector, as well as processes related to the use of alternative fuel sources.

esponsible team: Profa. Maria Isabel Pais da Silva (isapais@puc-rio.br)
Location: Building Cardeal Leme, rooms 372/374
Partnerships:
Petrobras, ANP, Department of Chemistry at UFRJ, INT, Department of Chemistry at IME, Department of Civil Engineering at PUC -Rio

  • – Magnetic stirrers
  • – ASAP (for BET analysis) – model ASAP 2010 – manufacturer Micromeritics
  • – Analytical balance – model AG200 – manufacturer Gehaka
  • – Centrifuge – model Ecco-Superior IV-B – manufacturer Ecco
  • – Piston Compressor – model MSV 26 MAX / 250 – manufacturer Schulz
  • – Chromatograph – model 7820A – Agilent manufacturer (2)
  • – Microwave digester – Mars model – CEM manufacturer
  • – Stove
  • – Diffuse Reflectance Visible UV Spectrophotometer (DRS) – model EVOLUTION 300 – manufacturer Thermo
  • – X-Ray Fluorescence – model EDX-7000 – manufacturer Shimadzu
  • – Heating blanket for high temperatures
  • – Volumetric gas flow meters
  • – Nobreaks and Stabilizers
  • – Batch Reactor – model CFW 10 – manufacturer WEG
  • – Vacuum System for Catalyst Treatment and Adsorption Evaluation in Catalysts
  • – Exhaust systems
  • – Thermal blower – model HL 1800 E – manufacturer Steinel
  • – Catalyst Calcination Unit
  • – Catalytic Unit for Steam Reform
  • – Catalytic Unit for Fischer- Tropsch
  • – Unit of TPR (Programmed Temperature Reduction) and TPD (Programmed Temperature Desorption)

Fabrication and Characterization of Composites

The laboratory aims to develop and characterize composite materials with polymeric matrix, as well as to characterize engineering polymers, with the main focus on the evaluation of the degradation of materials depending on the environment of use.

Responsible staff: Prof. José Roberto Moraes d’Almeida (dalmeida@puc-rio.br)
Location: Cardeal Leme Building, room 15, ITUC storehouse and room 04, DEQM basement
Partnerships: Petrobras, Equinor, Rio de Janeiro State University (Uerj), University Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)

  • – Pêndulo de impacto, modelo CS-137C, Marca Custom Scientific Instruments, Capacidade 12J
  • Impact pendulum, model CS-137C, Custom Scientific Instruments brand, Capacity 12J
  • – 02 UV aging chambers, model SL-204, Solab brand
  • – 02 Water baths, model NT 245, Novatécnica brand
  • – Abrasimeter, model A 40, Hampden brand
  • – Hydraulic press, Schulz brand, 10 ton capacity
  • – Drying oven, model 315, Fanem brand
  • – Electronic scale, model AG 200, brand Gehaka, capacity 200g
  • – pH meter, model B-474, Micronal brand
  • – Sound test equipment, model Sonelastic 2.8, ATCP brand
  • – Mechanical testing machine, model AME2kN, Oswaldo Filizola brand
  • – Plastometer – Melt Flow Indexer, model MFI – 410, Tinius Olsen brand
  • – Microextruder, model Xplore 5-08-20 5 cc, brand DSC Xplore
  • – Microinjector, model Xplore 4-11-10, brand DSC Xplore
  • – Durimeter, model GYZJ Barcol, brand Barber Colman
  • – Gloss meter, model 268, brand T&M Instruments
  • – Colorimeter, model i7, Delta Vista brand
  • – Thermogravimetric scale, model Pyris 1, PerkinElmer
  • – Autoclave, brand Implantação Indústria e Comércio Ltda, 0.5L capacity
  • – Viscometer, Model 98965, Cole-Parmer brand